AMSAT NEWS SERVICE
The AMSAT News Service bulletins are a free, weekly information and knowledge service of AMSAT North America, The Radio Newbie Satellite tv for pc Corporation. ANS publishes news associated to Novice Radio in area together with reviews on the activities of a worldwide group of Novice Radio operators who share an lively curiosity in designing, constructing, launching and speaking by way of analog and digital Novice Radio satellites.
The news feed on https://amsat.org publishes information of Novice Radio in area as soon as our volunteers can publish it. Please ship any newbie satellite information or reviews to: ans-editor at amsat dot org. You possibly can enroll for free e-mail supply of the AMSAT News Service Bulletins by way of the ANS Listing; to hitch this record see: https://www.amsat.org/mailman/listinfo/ans
In this edition:
- 2019 AMSAT Board of Administrators Election Update
- Candidates for the AMSAT Board of Administrators Announced
- Frank Karnauskas, N1UW Appointed as AMSAT VP for Improvement
- First Ever Contact by way of Moon Orbiting Transponder LO-94
- First Call for Papers for the 50th Anniversary AMSAT Symposium
- Take W3ZM on the Street!
- ARISS-Worldwide Delegates Meet in Montreal
- JAISAT-1 telemetry beacon downlink on 435.325 MHz FM 4k8 GMSK
- Further Novice Radio Payloads to Launch with JAISAT-1
- VUCC Awards-Endorsements for July
- Upcoming Satellite tv for pc Operations
- Satellite tv for pc Shorts From All Over
- 1 2019 AMSAT Board of Directors Election Replace
- 2 Candidates for the AMSAT Board of Directors Introduced
- 3 Frank Karnauskas, N1UW Appointed as AMSAT VP for Improvement
- 4 First Ever Contact by way of Moon Orbiting Transponder LO-94
- 5 First Call for Papers for the 50th Anniversary AMSAT Symposium
- 6 Take W3ZM on the Street!
- 7 ARISS-Worldwide Delegates Meet in Montreal
- 8 JAISAT-1 telemetry beacon downlink on 435.325 MHz FM 4k8 GMSK
- 9 Further Novice Radio Payloads to Launch with JAISAT-1
- 10 VUCC Awards-Endorsements for July
- 11 VUCC Standings June-July 2019
- 12 Upcoming Satellite tv for pc Operations
- 13 Satellite Shorts From All Over
2019 AMSAT Board of Directors Election Replace
The 2019 AMSAT Board of Directors election can be carried out in a different way than in previous elections. In earlier years, the balloting course of was dealt with by a number of distributors. This yr, AMSAT has contracted with a single, unbiased social gathering, ElectionBuddy, to conduct and absolutely manage the election process.
A poll card might be mailed to all present members in accordance with the organization’s by-laws by or on July 15, 2019. Chances are you’ll forged your ballot by visiting a singular URL or utilizing the QR code printed on the card. If you do not receive your ballot, you will want to contact ElectionBuddy. ElectionBuddy might be responsible for distributing ballots, accumulating ballots, and tallying votes.
Particular person candidates’ statement of qualification (biographies) will probably be revealed on AMSAT’s web site and shall be displayed on the ElectionBuddy website out there to eligible voters.
AMSAT believes this voting system will end in larger election integrity as it removes the potential for any perceived conflicts of interest. ElectionBuddy will handle AMSAT’s voter record and interaction with members relating to the election. This ensures voter anonymity. Particular person poll responses won’t ever be shared with any volunteer or paid AMSAT employees.
As a result of AMSAT has contracted ElectionBuddy for a totally managed election, they are going to be voters’ single point of contact relating to any poll issues. The AMSAT Secretary or Office Supervisor might direct you to contact ElectionBuddy in situations deemed part of this absolutely managed election. Questions won’t be answered on the AMSAT-BB or organizational Social Media accounts.
In the occasion that you are unwilling or unable to forged your ballot by way of the web mechanism, ElectionBuddy will mail you a selected poll that have to be returned to them inside the parameters of our election timeframe in order that it’s acquired by the workplace no later than September 15, 2019. Should you choose this feature, please understand it is at an elevated value to the group.
Clayton L. Coleman, W5PFG
Candidates for the AMSAT Board of Directors Introduced
The 2019 candidates for the AMSAT Board of Administrators, in alphabetical order by final identify are:
- Jerry Buxton, N0JY
- Howard (Howie) Defelice, AB2S
- Drew Glasbrenner, KO4MA
- Jeff Johns, WE4B
- Brennan Worth, N4QX
- Patrick Stoddard, WD9EWK
- Paul Stoetzer, N8HM
- Michelle Thompson, W5NYV
This yr AMSAT membership will choose four candidates to the Board of Administrators. The four candidates receiving the very best variety of votes can be seated as voting members of the Board of Administrators. Two alternate administrators shall be chosen based mostly on the subsequent highest variety of votes acquired.
Ballots shall be mailed to the AMSAT membership by July 15, 2019.
The election closes September 15, 2019.
Clayton L. Coleman, W5PFG
Frank Karnauskas, N1UW Appointed as AMSAT VP for Improvement
Frank Karnauskas, N1UW
On June 18th, the AMSAT Board of Directors elected Frank Karnauskas, N1UW, Vice President – Improvement. This position carries the duty for fund raising, advertising and public relations for AMSAT packages. In addition to enhancing the AMSAT and ARISS brands inside their conventional spheres, this position is predicted to broaden the attraction of its actions to a wider market. This consists of the tutorial, company and philanthropic sectors.
AMSAT President Joe Spier explains, “The cost of planning, building and launching satellites has risen exponentially over the past years. It is essential that we not only raise the Amateur Radio community’s financial participation in these programs, we need to enlist the support of outside entities. We can only do this by demonstrating the value that Amateur Radio satellites bring to society’s best interests. This is especially true for youth and educational programs where AMSAT’s and ARISS’s growth lies.”
Frank comes to this place with a forty-five yr profession as a gross sales and advertising government within the shopper and industrial markets. He was first licensed in 1963 and has been a long-term member of AMSAT and the ARRL. Frank additionally contributes to AMSAT as an AMSAT News Service Rotating Editor.[ANS thanks the AMSAT Board of Directors for the above information]
2019 marks AMSAT’s 50th Anniversary of Retaining Newbie Radio in Area.
To help rejoice, we’re sponsoring the AMSAT 50th Anniversary Awards Program.
Full particulars are available at: https://www.amsat.org/amsat-50th-anniversary-awards-program/
First Ever Contact by way of Moon Orbiting Transponder LO-94
Click on or faucet for details of the lunar orbiting relay by way of LO-94 QSO
Daniel Estevez, EA4GPZ, reported on the small print of the first contact by way of a lunar orbiting repeater that was completed by way of China’s DSLWP-B (LO-94) satellite.
EA4GPZ wrote, “In parallel [with the solar eclipse testing], the GMSK to JT4G repeater onboard DSLWP-B was used to make a QSO between BY2HIT, the Harbin Institute of Technology Amateur radio club, and Reinhard Kuehn DK5LA. This is the first ever Amateur radio QSO made through a lunar orbiting repeater. It was reported by Wei Mingchuan, BG2BHC.”
Continuing, “Using the GMSK to JT4G repeater just isn’t straightforward, when it comes to the sign energy needed for the uplink. There have been plans to make a QSO between BY2HIT and Reinhard since many months ago, but previous makes an attempt didn’t work out. My congratulations to the individuals at each sides of the QSO, who’ve achieved it a month before DSLWP-B crashes towards the lunar surface.
“The GMSK to JT4G repeater works by sending commands to the satellite which embed a 13 character message, using the same frequency and a similar protocol to the one used to command the camera and other satellite functions. The precise definition of this mode is a 7.8125 baud FSK modulation with a shift of 394.53125Hz. Each FSK tone is “spread”
with a 250 baud GMSK 32 bit syncword. The CCSDS 32 bit syncword is used to mark the beginning of a packet, and a Reed-Solomon (64,32) code is used for FEC, together with CCSDS scrambling. Such a message takes a bit longer than one minute to transmit. The uplink is in the 2m Newbie satellite tv for pc band.
“The repeater downlink is the usual JT4G downlink of DSLWP-B in the 70cm Amateur satellite band. The 13 character messages sent in the uplink command replace the usual JT4G telemetry, being repeated as a free-form JT4G message. In the case of this QSO, the B1 radio at 436.400MHz was used. This radio was also used to transmit the images using GMSK SSDV.”
Entry EA4GPZ’s full report at: https://destevez.net/2019/07/analysis-of-dslwp-b-eclipse-test-run-again/[ANS thanks Daniel Estevez, EA4GPZ for the above information]
First Call for Papers for the 50th Anniversary AMSAT Symposium
That is the first name for papers for the 2019 AMSAT-NA Annual Meeting and Area Symposium to be held on the weekend of October 18 – 20 at The Hilton Arlington, 950 North Stafford Road, Arlington, Virginia. Proposals for papers, symposium shows, and poster shows are invited on any matter of curiosity to the novice satellite tv for pc group. We request a tentative title of your presentation as quickly as attainable, with last copy to be submitted by September 23rd for inclusion in the printed proceedings.
Abstracts and papers must be despatched to Dan Schultz at n8fgv(at)amsat.org
For the newest news visit the 2019 AMSAT Symposium and 50th Anniversary celebration net web page![ANS thanks Dan Schultz, N8FGV for the above information]
Take W3ZM on the Street!
Click on or faucet for the newest information
Main as much as the 2019 AMSAT 50th Anniversary Area Symposium and Basic Meeting, to be held in Arlington, VA, October 18 – 20, 2019, AMSAT’s name sign, W3ZM, will function from all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Not only is that this your probability to get Labored All States-Satellites beneath the W3ZM call sign, but, also, your probability to be a part of this historic effort.
Observe: When working outdoors of the “3” name space, operators will append the W3ZM call signal with “/(call area).” For instance, someone working from Texas will use W3ZM/5; from Hawaii, W3ZM/KH6; from Alaska, W3ZM/KL7; and from Puerto Rico, W3ZM/WP4.
To make this happen – We’d like your assist! Please volunteer to get on the air and activate your State, using AMSAT’s W3ZM name sign, as well as to cowl those States with out an lively AMSAT Member. Activations of different United States Territories (i.e. Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana
Islands) are additionally welcome.
To volunteer and function utilizing AMSAT’s W3ZM call sign, you need to:
- Be a present member of AMSAT
- Acquire permission by emailing AMSAT VP of Consumer Providers, specifying the requested date(s) and site(s)
- Submit an ADIF log of contacts made for upload to LoTW by AMSAT, as instructed in your notice of approval to use the W3ZM call signal
ARISS-Worldwide Delegates Meet in Montreal
9 nations have been represented as Newbie Radio on the International Area Station (ARISS) held its 2019 “face-to-face” assembly of worldwide delegates on the Canadian Area Company in Montreal, June 26–28.
ARISS-Canada was the host for the gathering. A excessive level of the conference got here when Kenwood software manager Shin Aota, JL1IBD, introduced two Kenwood TM-D710GA transceivers to ARISS-Russia delegate Sergey Samburov, RV3DR. One of many TM-D710GA radios will substitute growing older Novice Radio gear presently in use on the Worldwide Area Station, while the opposite will stay on Earth as a spare for training cosmonauts. For more than a yr, these radios have undergone detailed NASA qualification testing followed by last software program configuration and verification.
“With today’s transfer of the radios to ARISS-Russia, we are one step closer to an enhanced Amateur Radio system on board the ISS, supporting various operations such as SSTV, voice communication, APRS, and a variety of experiments,” ARISS-Worldwide stated in saying the presentation. The ARISS Hardware Staff met on June 25.
These available for the occasion included Radio Amateurs of Canada President (RAC) and ARISS-Canada Delegate for RAC Glenn MacDonell, VE3XRA; AMSAT-NA President Joe Spier, K6WAO, and AMSAT-Italia President Emanuele D’Andria, I0ELE. ARRL Southeastern Division Director Greg Sarratt, W4OZK, attended in his position as chair of the ARRL Board’s new ARISS Committee. Rosalie White, K1STO, represented ARRL as an ARISS-US delegate and handled the duties of ARISS-International Secretary. The different ARISS-US delegate was Dave Taylor, W8AAS.
The French authorities’s proposal to think about 144–146 MHz for potential allocation to the Aeronautical Cellular Service drew some dialogue. Different subjects included ARISS’ future participation in NASA’s Deep Area Gateway (DSG) program. ARISS is the only noncommercial entity whose ideas are beneath research by this system. The ARISS plan focuses on Novice Radio communication, together with optical communication channels, as nicely as gear improvement, workforce cooperation, schooling, and public outreach.
Canadian Area Company Program Supervisor of the Lunar Gateway Program Ken Podwalski famous that Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that Canada will go to the moon. CSA offered the “Canadarm” robotic arm for the area shuttle and contributed the Cellular Servicing System, a classy robotics suite that performs a essential position in ISS operations.
White and Taylor introduced the ARISS-US Region Report, highlighting most of the accomplishments of the US workforce because the last ARISS face-to-face meeting.
Dave Honess of the European Area Agency introduced some ideas for enhanced ARISS instructional outreach. A future SSTV session to honor Owen Garriott, W5LFL (SK), also got here in for some dialogue. Garriott was the primary area traveler to make use of Novice Radio from area. — Because of Dave Jordan, AA4KN, ARISS Public Relations, and Rosalie White, K1STO
JAISAT-1 was launched on July 5, 2019 along with a total of 34 satellites from 12 nations. The JAISAT-1 telemetry beacon is at 435.325 MHz. The telemetry sign format is 4k8 GMSK Mobitex (similar dstar one Sparro and iSAT CMX990 Mobitex Format) in accordance with the small print from the IARU satellite tv for pc co-ordinator website: http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=521
That is keplerian component from simulate orbit the next as under:
1 77777U 19001a 19186.41724769 .00000000 00000-0 00000-0 0 00015
2 77777 098.5564 148.1307 0015651 161.6334 118.6706 15.15099188000017
All newbie radio operators able to receiving alerts from the JAISAT-1 satellite are invited to send the info by e-mail to: [email protected]
The Radio Novice Society of Thailand may have a SWL card to verify reception.[ANS thanks Tanan Rangseeprom, HS1JAN, Project Manager of JAISAT-1, for the above information]
Further Novice Radio Payloads to Launch with JAISAT-1
When JAISAT-1 launches in July from the Vostochny Cosmodrome it should fly with further novice radio payloads, summarized under.
Berlin Technical College (Germany) Beesat-9
Coordination particulars at: http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=657
A 1U Cubesat, BEESAT-9 is an educational, experimental satellite. The primary objective is to confirm 3- axes stabilization using a GPS receiver, reaction wheels and magnetorquers. A digital camera will take footage of Earth to confirm the angle of the satellite. A new angle management actuator, developed in a PhD thesis, will probably be first flown on BEESAT-9. The operations of the spacecraft shall be carried out in lecture programs beneath the steerage of licensed radio amateurs.
The satellite tv for pc may have a digipeater perform to reflect a sign to another satellite tv for pc or floor station. Moreover, it can provide a beacon sign for radio amateurs, together with telemetry. The novice radio group is very inspired to collect telemetry knowledge packets, plans for particular operations e.g. experiments shall be announced to the newbie radio group on the Web. It’s also planned to incorporate the newbie radio group to receive elements of images, which can then be put together by TU Berlin and revealed on the Website and on social networks. proposing to make use of a UHF downlink with 4k8 or 9k6 Mobilex GMSK modulation. A downlink on 435,950 MHz has been coordinated by the IARU.
BEESAT-9 Will fly with BEESAT10-13 and MOVE-2B. Extra information from: https://tinyurl.com/ANS-188-BEESAT-9
Munich Technical College (Germany) will show their progressive cubesat bus by launching MOVE-IIb. Coordination particulars at: http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=645 A 1U CubeSat. Proposing a VHF QPSK 12k5 Bit/s downlink for telemetry and mission knowledge with a UHF uplink capability for a cross band repeatA downlink on 145,840 MHz has been coordinated. No further novice radio repeater operation is out there at press time. The IARU launch suggests to watch for up to date info on the mission web site at: https://www.move2space.de/
Tallinn Technical University (Estonia) – an educational satellite TTU101 developed to check Earth remark cameras and a novel excessive velocity X-band communication system. Coordination details at: http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=660 The mission of TTU satellite is to perform remote sensing in visible and IR electromagnetic spectrum from 500-600 km polar orbit with 1U cubesat for instructional and know-how demonstration purposes. Another mission activity is to test novice 10.450 – 10.500 GHz band frequencies for high-speed knowledge downlink operations. Proposing a 435 MHz downlink with knowledge charges as much as 9k6 GFSK/GMSK and in addition OQPSK downlink on 10.45 GHZ at knowledge charges as much as 20Mbs. Downlinks on 10460.000 MHz and 435.450 MHz with a beacon on 435.500 MHz have been coordinated. Extra information at: https://www.ttu.ee/projects/mektory-eng/satellite-programme-3/
Royal Institute of Know-how KTH (Sweden) – SEAM-2.Zero scientific spacecraft for measuring the magnetic subject of the Earth. http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=584 A 3U CubeSat meant to test a deployable growth carrying miniature sensors for measuring magnetic fields. A business S Band transceiver will function in addition to a UHF transceiver utilizing 9k6 GMSK. A downlink on 437.250MHz has been coordinated.
University of Wuerzburg (Germany) – SONATE, a cubesat for know-how demonstration, and orbital verification of varied satellite elements and autonomous payloads. Coordination particulars at: http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=572 The instructional goal of this mission consists of alternatives college students to build and operate radio communication methods of area and floor phase techniques. Such a system is the novice payload of this satellite tv for pc, a transceiver which is at present constructed by a number of college students over the course of their theses. This transceiver will initially provide often SSTV downlinks with pictures from one in every of the on-board cameras. Different thesis for occasion handle the antenna deploy mechanism. The following downlink frequencies have been coordinated: 9k6 GMSK/GSFK AX25 telemetry 437.Zero25 MHz and for SSTV 145.840 MHz
SkyFox Labs (Czech Republic) – Lucky-7 cubesat will exhibit revolutionary options for 1U cubesat platform. Coordination particulars at: http://www.amsatuk.me.uk/iaru/finished_detail.php?serialnum=452 In addition to radio frequency operation the satellite tv for pc consists of excessive energy LEDs transmitting in seen spectra (blue) to reveal EPS excessive power handling capability. Additionally included is a Digital Colour digital camera module which can be used aboard the satellite to capture the photographs of Earth to verify ADCS stabilization performance and “high” knowledge switch throughput capability of the custom-built FSK onboard radio. A downlink on 437.525 MHz has been coordinated for a FSK downlink at variable bit rates up to 9k6. Knowledge format info shall be made obtainable at http://www.lucky7satellite.org Additional launch info could be found at: https://tinyurl.com/y39pxhel[ANS thanks the IARU and parabolicarc.com for the above information]
VUCC Awards-Endorsements for July
Listed here are the endorsements and new VUCC Satellite tv for pc Awards issued by the ARRL for the interval June 1, 2019 by means of July 1, 2019. Congratulations to all those who made the record this month!
VUCC Standings June-July 2019
Upcoming Satellite tv for pc Operations
Hawaii (BL20) – July 5-8, 2019
Mark, N8MH can be working as N8MH/KH6 and as W3ZM/KH6 July 5-Eight from BL20, FM and linears. Risk of other grids once there. Watch the Twitter feed for additional announcements: https://twitter.com/N8MH
Wabakimi Provincial Park, Ontario (EO50) – July Four-10, 2019
Fred, VE3FAL, is heading off to Wabakimi Provincial Park July 4th-10th and will activate EO50 by way of FM satellites. Regulate Fred’s Twitter feed for additional updates: https://twitter.com/Fred_VE3FAL
UP and Ontario (EN85, EN86, EN87) July 6-13, 2019
Chris, AA8CH, is heading back up north MI July sixth. Staying in EN85, will even hit EN86 if any requests. July 13 going to remain in EN76/VE3, with activation of EN86/EN87 planned. DM or e mail Chris, for those who need considered one of ’em. Regulate Chris’ Twitter feed for additional updates: https://twitter.com/charliehotel10
Montana (EN55) July Eight-10, 2019
Dennis, N7EGY, can be in DN55 beginning the night of July 8th through ~1800z July 10th. First priority is shifting his daughter & household into their new house, however he’ll sneak away to play on the birds as in a position. Control Dennis’ Twitter feed for specific move bulletins: https://twitter.com/n7egy1
Iceland (HP93, HP94, HP95, IP03, IP05, IP13, IP14, IP15, IP24, IP25, IP35) – July 13-19, 2019
Adam, K0FFY, is taking his family (and his radios) to Iceland. He’ll be staying in HP95 on July 13, IP15 on July 14-15, IP25 on July 16, IP03 on July 17-18, and HP94 on July 19. In complete, he’ll be passing via HP93, HP94, HP95, IP03, IP05, IP13, IP14, IP15, IP24, IP25, & IP35. There’s rather a lot to see, so passes will probably be greatest effort & introduced on Twitter shortly prior: https://twitter.com/K0FFY_Radio
For more info on the newest satellite tv for pc roves and particular occasions: https://www.amsat.org/satellite-info/upcoming-satellite-operations/[ANS thanks KE4AL for the above information]
Satellite Shorts From All Over
- On July 1, 1976, the primary exhibition hall of the Nationwide Air and Area Museum in Washington, DC opened. AMSAT was on website with a transportable satellite station on the steps of the museum and President Ford’s dedication speech was transmitted by means of AO-7. Pictures of this event have been posted by AMSAT at https://twitter.com/AMSAT/status/1145679438744608769
- The submission deadline for AMSAT Area Day scores is July 8th. See https://www.amsat.org/field-day/ for details.
- A number of AMSAT members shall be operating on satellites in the course of the 13 Colonies Special Event this weekend:
N2OA can be working as K2A from FN03
KG4AKV will function as K2J from North Carolina
N3CAL will characterize Maryland from FM18 as K2F
For more info see: http://www.13colonies.net/ (ANS thanks N2OA, KG4AKV, and N3CAL for the above info)
- An ARRL video introducing newbie radio to the general public consists of AMSAT Members N8HM, KM4LAO, and NP4JV:
https://www.facebook.com/ARRL.org/videos/576779882849805/ (ANS thanks ARRL for the above info)
- Lunar-OSCAR 94 successfully imaged the solar eclipse from lunar orbit on July 2. The pictures have been downloaded by BY2HIT and PI9CAM.
(ANS thanks Nico Janssen, PA0DLO for the above info.)
- A nicely detailed description of kit wanted for entry to the geosynchronous QO-100 by Tobias Mädel, DL4TMA was just lately posted at: https://tbspace.de/qo100eshail2.html (ANS thanks Tobias Mädel, DL4TMA, for the above info)
- NASA will rejoice the 50th anniversary of the historic Apollo 11 Moon mission and look to the way forward for exploration on the Moon and Mars with a stay, two-hour tv broadcast Friday, July 19, and partner-led occasions happening across the nation from July 16 by means of July 20. For particulars, see: https://www.nasa.gov/specials/apollo50th/index.html (ANS thanks NASA for the above info)
- The Planetary Society’s LightSail 2 spacecraft sprang unfastened from its Prox-1 service car as deliberate on July 2, and despatched its first alerts again to mission management at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo in California. The satellite, with callsign WM9XPA, sends AX.25 FSK telemetry at 9600 bps on 437.Zero25 MHz. Full news release at: https://tinyurl.com/y6dtauv2 (ANS thanks The Planetary Society for the above info)
- A reminder that AO-85 is in a low battery voltage condition. Please do not use the satellite whereas it is in eclipse, even should you hear it. Please ship studies to the AMSAT-BB. They’re welcome and helpful. (ANS thanks Drew Glasbrenner, KO4MA for the above info.)
In addition to regular membership, AMSAT presents membership in the President’s Membership. Members of the President’s Membership, as sustaining donors to AMSAT Challenge Funds, shall be eligible to receive further advantages. Software types are available from the AMSAT workplace.
Main and secondary faculty college students are eligible for membership at one-half the standard yearly price. Publish-secondary faculty college students enrolled in no less than half time status shall be eligible for the scholar fee for a most of six post-secondary years in this standing. Contact Martha on the AMSAT office for further scholar membership info.
73 and Keep in mind to help hold newbie radio in area,
This week’s ANS Editor,
K0JM at amsat dot org